The contest for the third promotion spot pitted two far bigger names of German football against each other, with Borussia Dortmund edging out 1.
The northern division incidentally set the second best mark when it scored 51 goals the day before. In —77 the league champions were FC St.
Pauli and VfB Stuttgart while the third promotion spot went to Munich , having had to play a third game after Arminia Bielefeld and TSV each won their home games 4—0, with the decider ending 2—0 in favour of the southern team.
Third place went to 1. In —79 direct promotion went to Munich and Bayer Leverkusen while the play-off was won, once more, by Bayer Uerdingen, which defeated SpVgg Bayreuth 2—1 at home after a draw away.
In the north, two clubs were relegated from the league for financial reasons, Westfalia Herne , which had finished fifth and former Bundesliga side FC St.
Pauli, which had come sixth. Bundesliga record when it defeated Arminia Hannover 11—0 in May , the biggest-ever win in the league. The —81 season, the seventh of the league, was also its last in this format.
From it played as a single division of 20 teams after a decision taken on 7 June , when, at a special convention of the DFB , the introduction of the single division 2.
Bundesliga was decided upon with a majority of 84 votes to Bremen won the league while Braunschweig came second. Hertha missed out despite scoring goals.
In the south, the league was won by SV Darmstadt 98 for a second time while runners-up Kickers Offenbach lost out to Braunschweig in the play-offs.
The reduction of the league to a single division meant 22 teams were relegated while no team was promoted to the 2. The new single division league of 20 teams saw only a small change in modus.
The top two in the league were promoted while the third placed team played the sixteenth placed Bundesliga side in a home-and-away play-off for one more spot in the Bundesliga.
The bottom four in the league were relegated. The inaugural season saw FC Schalke 04 compete in the 2. Bundesliga for the first time, and win it.
Fourth place went to Munich, one point behind Offenbach, but the club found itself relegated after the DFB refused it a licence for the following season.
This decision kept 17th placed SG Wattenscheid 09 , the best-placed team on a relegation rank, in the league. Bayer Uerdingen, in third place, won promotion through the play-offs for a third time, this time overcoming the previous seasons 2.
Bundesliga champions FC Schalke Schalke bounced back immediately, coming second behind Karlsruher SC in — At the other end, Rot-Weiss Essen, after having failed to win promotion to the Bundesliga through the play-offs twice from the 2.
Bundesliga, was relegated to amateur football that season. Bundesliga for the first time in , with Hannover 96 coming second.
Kickers Offenbach, freshly relegated from the Bundesliga came only 19th in the 2. Bundesliga, suffered another relegation, as did another former Bundesliga side, FC St.
Pauli, having returned to the league for the first time after having had its licence revoked in The league champions were FC 08 Homburg , also promoted to the Bundesliga for the first time.
Arguably one of the most famous play-off contests in 2. Bundesliga play-offs at the time. In the relegation zone MSV Duisburg followed the two Berlin clubs into amateur football as a third former Bundesliga side that season.
Pauli, freshly promoted from amateur football again, missed out by a goal in the play-offs against FC Homburg. At the bottom end Eintracht Braunschweig became another former Bundesliga side and champion to drop into the third division.
Pauli ended a ten-year wait for Bundesliga return in when it finished runners-up to Stuttgarter Kickers who were promoted to the Bundesliga for the first time.
Third placed SV Darmstadt 98 missed out on penalties in the deciding third game against SV Waldhof Mannheim after each side had won their home game by a goal.
SpVgg Bayreuth finished 17th again but was again spared from relegation when Kickers Offenbach was refused a licence.
Also relegated were Union Solingen after 14 consecutive seasons in the league. Bundesliga football after games for Alemannia Aachen in the league from to , a record for any player with a single club in the league.
Bundesliga title, followed up by SG Wattenscheid 09, who entered the Bundesliga for the first time. In the relegation zone SpVgg Bayreuth failed to get reprieved for a third consecutive season and dropped into amateur football, as did Alemannia Aachen , a founding member of the 2.
Bundesliga who had played all 16 seasons of the league until then. The tenth season of the single division 2. Bundesliga was to be the last in its current format for a time as the German reunion in lead to changes to the league after this season.
Pauli three times to earn promotion, the first two contests having ended 1—1 while Stuttgart won the third 3—1. FC Schweinfurt 05 in last place became one of the worst clubs in the league history when it only won two games all season.
In the —92 season, the league was expanded to 24 teams in two regional divisions, north and south, to accommodate six new East German clubs which joined the league that season.
The East German clubs were spread very uneven, with one going to the north and five to the south, caused by the geographic location of those clubs.
Only the league champions were promoted to the Bundesliga that year, which were Bayer Uerdingen in the north and 1.
The bottom three in each division were relegated, three of which were from former East Germany. Bundesliga after their licence was revoked in At the end of this season the league returned to the single division format, but with still 24 clubs as its strength.
The —93 season was a momentous one, with 24 teams competing in a single league and each club playing 46 games. Three clubs were promoted directly, as would be the case from then on until , with the play-offs having been abolished.
SC Freiburg won the league and promotion for the first time. Seven clubs were relegated from the league to reduce its strength to 20 clubs again from the following season.
Promoted were VfL Bochum, Bayer Uerdingen and Munich, which had just won promotion from the third division the year before and returned to the Bundesliga for the first time since At the bottom end, five clubs were relegated, four of those former Bundesliga sides and the fifth one, Carl Zeiss Jena , from former East Germany.
The league level below the 2. Bundesliga was changed profoundly in with the Oberligas replaced by the new Regionalligas, which allowed for direct promotion to the 2.
Bundesliga for the first time since The league itself was now reduced to 18 clubs with no play-offs, three promoted and four relegated teams, a system it would maintain until , when the play-offs were re-introduced.
Hansa Rostock won the 2. Bundesliga for the first time in and FC St. The later, despite finishing seventh, had its licence revoked, thereby sparing FSV Zwickau from relegation.
The —96 season saw VfL Bochum win the league again with second placed Arminia Bielefeld winning promotion straight after having been promoted from the Regionalliga the year before.
FC Kaiserslautern and Eintracht Frankfurt had suffered their first-ever relegation from the Bundesliga in The former won the league and bounced back immediately while Frankfurt remained at this level for another season.
Kaiserslautern would also become the first and only club to win the Bundesliga as a freshly promoted side the following year.
At the bottom end VfB Leipzig was one of three clubs from the east to be relegated, alongside SV Meppen , which dropped out of the league after eleven consecutive seasons there.
The —99 season saw the 1. In —01, the league was won by 1. Pauli was the third promoted team. SSV Ulm , freshly relegated from the Bundesliga, finished the season in 16th place and became insolvent.
FSV Mainz 05 was a newcomer to the Bundesliga. In second place Alemannia Aachen returned to the Bundesliga for the first time since Relegated that year were Dynamo Dresden , former East German power house, after a two-year stint in the league.
Landgraf had played a record 2. The —09 season saw the return of play-offs. The third placed team in the 2. Bundesliga now played the 16th placed team in the Bundesliga for a spot in that league.
At the other end of the table, the 16th placed 2. Bundesliga side would now also play the third placed team in the new 3. Liga , which had replaced the Regionalliga as the third division.
SC Freiburg and 1. FSV Mainz 05 were directly promoted that season while 1. Bundesliga place to SC Paderborn from the 3.
FC Kaiserslautern ended a four-year spell in the 2. Bundesliga in with a league championship, with FC St. The FC Augsburg finished third but was unable to overcome 1.
Hansa Rostock, in 16th place, dropped out of the 2. Bundesliga when it lost both play-off games to Ingolstadt After 15 consecutive seasons in the 2.
Karlsruher SC failed to remain in the 2. Bundesliga when it was relegated on away goal rule after two drawn games against Jahn Regensburg.
Hertha BSC won the 2. Bundesliga for the second time in three seasons in —13 and was accompanied up by Eintracht Braunschweig, who had not played in the Bundesliga since FC Kaiserslautern lost both games to Hoffenheim and thereby failed to get promoted.
Dynamo Dresden became the first 2. Bundesliga side in five attempts to hold onto their league place while 3.
At the bottom end two eastern clubs were relegated, Dynamo Dresden and Energie Cottbus, while Arminia Bielefeld entered the relegation round.
The winner of this match plays the next season in the Bundesliga, and the loser in the 2. If two clubs are still tied after all of these tie-breakers have been applied, a single match is held at a neutral site to determine the placement.
However, this has never been necessary in the history of the Bundesliga. In terms of team selection, matchday squads must have no more than five non-EU representatives.
Seven substitutes are permitted to be selected, from which three can be used in the duration of the game. That year it was the only European football league where clubs collectively made a profit.
By contrast, in the other major European leagues, numerous high-profile teams have come under ownership of foreign billionaires, and a significant number of clubs have high levels of debt.
After the German Football Association and the Bundesliga mandated that all clubs run a youth academy , with the aim of bolstering the stream of local talent for the club and national team.
This allows more money to be spent on the players that are bought, and there is a greater chance to buy better instead of average players.
In the first decade of the third millennium s , the Bundesliga was regarded as competitive, as five teams have won the league title.
At the end of each season, clubs in the Bundesliga must apply to the German Football Federation DFB for a licence to participate again the following year; only when the DFB, who have access to all transfer documents and accounts, are satisfied that there is no threat of insolvency do they give approval.
In addition, no individual is allowed to own more than 49 percent of any Bundesliga club, the only exceptions being VfL Wolfsburg , Bayer Leverkusen and current Regionalliga Nordost member FC Carl Zeiss Jena should they ever be promoted to the Bundesliga as they were each founded as factory teams.
Despite the good economic governance, there have still been some instances of clubs getting into difficulties. In subsequent years, the club went through extensive restructuring to return to financial health, largely with young home-grown players.
Based on its per-game average, the Bundesliga is the best-attended association football league in the world; out of all sports, its average of 45, fans per game during the —12 season was the second highest of any professional sports league worldwide, behind only the National Football League of the United States.
Many club stadia have large terraced areas for standing fans by comparison, stadia in the English Premier League are all-seaters due to the Taylor Report.
Match tickets often double as free rail passes which encourages supporters to travel and celebrate in a relaxed atmosphere.
They are very fan orientated". Football has got to be for everybody. The spectator figures for league for the last eleven seasons:.
The Bundesliga broadcast rights are sold along with the broadcast rights to the Bundesliga Relegation Playoffs, 2. Three Friday night matches — the openers of the first and second halves of the season, and on the final matchday before the winter break — are broadcast to all Germans on ZDF.
Radio coverage includes the national Konferenz whip-around coverage on the stations of ARD and full match coverage on local radio stations. The Bundesliga is broadcast on TV in over countries.
In October , 21st Century Fox , via the Fox Sports , Fox International Channels , and Sky plc divisions, acquired television and digital rights to the Bundesliga in 80 territories, including North America and Asia outside of India and Oceania for five years, and selected European territories for two years, beginning in the —16 season.
CEO James Murdoch explained that the deal was designed to "leverage our unrivaled global portfolio of sports channels to bolster the Bundesliga brand in every corner of the globe.
Spanish-language telecasts air on Fox Deportes. Matches stream online for subscribers to these channels on participating providers via Fox Sports Go , and are also available through the subscription service Fox Soccer Match Pass.
ITV4 broadcasts delayed highlights the following Monday. This arrangement lasts through the season. In , digital TV operator StarTimes acquired exclusive television rights for Sub-Saharan Africa for 5 years starting from season.
The following 12 clubs have won the Bundesliga: No club from former East Germany or Berlin has won the Bundesliga.
The former East German side Dynamo Berlin laid claim to the three stars of a time champion. They petitioned the league to have their DDR-Oberliga titles recognized, but received no reply.
Dynamo eventually took matters into their own hands and emblazoned their jerseys with three stars. The issue also affects other former East German and pre-Bundesliga champions.
BFC Dynamo Berlin have not followed this guideline and continue to wear three stars, rather than a single star inscribed with the number These stars are a permanent part of their crest.
Since June , the following clubs have been officially allowed to wear stars while playing in the Bundesliga.
The number in parentheses is for Bundesliga titles won. In addition, a system of one star designation was adopted for use.
This system is intended to take into account not only Bundesliga titles but also other now defunct national championships.
As of July , the following clubs are allowed to wear one star while playing outside the Bundesliga. The number in parentheses is for total league championships won over the course of German football history, and would be displayed within the star.
Some teams listed here had different names while winning their respective championships, these names are also noted in parentheses.
For the first time in , the Bundesliga was given its own logo to distinguish itself. Six years later, the logo was revamped into a portrait orientation, which was used until A new logo was announced for the —11 season in order to modernise the brand logo for all media platforms.
In December , it was announced that a new logo would be used for the —18 season, modified slightly for digitisation requirements, featuring a matte look.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Bundesliga disambiguation. History of German football. Introduction of the Bundesliga.
List of German football champions. Logo used during the —13 season , the 50th Bundesliga season. Football in Germany portal.
Retrieved 4 November Retrieved 4 January Archived from the original on 16 July Retrieved 17 July Retrieved 8 September Retrieved 12 May Retrieved 20 July Retrieved 30 May Retrieved 8 March Retrieved 14 July Retrieved 23 August Bundesliga champions in numbers".
Archived from the original on 20 August Retrieved 14 April Retrieved 31 July Retrieved 13 July